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Scientific name : Passer domesticus
Family : Passeridae
L 15 cm, E 25 cm
The sparrows are birds of the family Passeridae, in several species, the most common is the House Sparrow.
The male grown-up of domestic sparrow has the brown back streaked with black. Scapulars are brown. The wings are brownish with white wing bars. The rump is grey. The tail is dark gray-brown. The underparts are paler, with the chest and abdomen plain gray. In breeding plumage, the male has a black bib. The head is dark with the gray cap, lined with brown running down the back of the neck. Cheeks and sides of the neck are white. A black stripe through the eye, and joined the black bib. The conical beak is black gray. The eyes are dark. The legs and feet are brown clair.En outside the breeding plumage, the male has no black bib and the duller plumage. The female does not have the brown and black colors of the male. It has grayish brown cap and a gray brow band buff. The upper parts and wings are grayer than the male. The abdomen is whitish. The beak and legs are light brown.
Her singing is not mélodieu his characteristic cry "tchip tchip" which earned him the slang name "piaf" is retained more easily.
The domestic sparrow is omnivorous and opportunist, it feeds mainly on seeds, insects, larvae, worms and spiders, but also fruit buds, making it unpopular with the gardeners and the farmers.
The Domestic Sparrow prefers to find shelter in a hole to establish its nest, but uses various nesting sites, it builds its nest in March, preferably in a cavity (crack, gutter, etc..) From straw feathers, textile strands. The female lays three to eight eggs. They are incubated by both parents for 14-17 days.